#8 Let’s just call a spade a spade
The history of “calling a spade a spade” is complicated. The expression has its roots in ancient Greece and was originally known as “calling a fig a fig and a trough a trough.” The racial connotations were added on later.
Originally, the gardening equipment was meant to be the spade in this expression. This relationship changed to indicate the playing card suit during the late 1920s. The term “spade” started to be used as a slang term for black people around the same time.
With these two linguistic changes, the innocent Greek idiom “call a spade a spade” was transformed into an uncomfortable racist phrase.